Chronic Venous Insufficiency
This study examined the effects of alternating magnetic fields (15-20 minutes per day over a period of 20 days) in patients suffering from chronic venous insufficiency, varicose veins, and trophic shin ulcers. Results showed good effects in 236 of the 271 patients receiving the treatment. Thirty-four patients reported satisfactory effects. Only one patient experienced no effects.
E.I. Pasynkov, et al., "e;Therapeutic Use of Alternating Magnetic Field in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Diseases of the Veins of the Lower Limbs,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 5,
1976, . 16-19.
This review article notes that magnetotherapy in a variety of forms has been successfully used in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency and is a commonly used physical therapy for the condition.
A.P. Dovganiuk, "e;Balneologic and Physical Therapy of Chronic Venous Insufficiency of Extremities,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 2, 1995, . 48-49.
This study examined the effects of running impulse magnetic fields in patients suffering from vessel obliteration diseases of the legs. Treatment consisted of 15-20 whole body exposures (0.5-5 mT, 1-2 Hz) lasting 15-20 minutes each. Results showed treatment led to a significant reduction in the number of patients experiencing leg pain while at rest. Among patients previously unable to walk a 500-m distance, 52 percent were able to complete the distance following treatment. Circulation improved in 75-82 percent of patients.
Y.B. Kirillov, et al., "e;Magnetotherapy for Obliterative Disease of the Vessels of the Legs,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 3, 1992, .. 14-17.
This placebo-controlled study examined the effects of micromagnets in the treatment of periodontal disease. Micromagnets were attached to the skin over areas of inflammation for a period ranging from 1 to 8 days, with the number of magnets used at once varying from 1 to 6. The course of treatment lasted as long as 4 weeks. Results indicated that patients receiving the micromagnet therapy experienced earlier and more trouble-free recoveries following oral surgery, as well as less pain relative to controls.
V.E. Kriokshina, et al., "e;Use of Micromagnets in Stomatology,"e; Magnitologiia, (1), 1991, . 17-20.
This controlled study examined the effects of adjunctive Diapulse electromagnetic therapy on oral surgery recovery. Patients received the therapy once per day beginning between 3 to 5 days prior to oral surgery. Therapy was maintained until the point of hospital release. Results found the therapy produced significant healing relative to controls, which received conventional treatment only.
L.C. Rhodes, "e;The Adjunctive Utilization of Diapulse Therapy Pulsed High Peak Power Electromagnetic Energy) in Accelerating Tissue Healing in Oral Surgery,"e; Q National Dental Association, 40(1),
1981, . 4-11
This study found that patients suffering from various oral diseases experienced more rapid healing when treated with both conventional therapies and 30 minutes per day of pulsed electromagnetic fields (5 mT, 30 Hz), as opposed to conventional therapies alone.
V. Hillier-Kolarov & N. Pekaric-Nadj, "e;PEMF Therapy as an Additional Therapy for Oral deseases,"e;European Bioelectromagnetics Association, 1st Congress,
23-25 January 1992, Brussels , Belgium .
This review article examined the literature concerning the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of depression. Results showed the high-frequency, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment to be an effective, side-effect free therapy for depression that may hold promise for treating related psychiatric disorders as well.
M.T. Kirkcaldie, et al., Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Therapy for Depression and Other Disorders,"e; Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 31(2), April 1997, . 264-272.
Noting that there is good reason to believe the pineal gland is a magnetosensitive system and that application of magnetic fields in experimental animals has a similar effect to that of acute exposure to light with respect to melatonin secretion, the authors propose that magnetic treatment could be a beneficial new therapy for winter depression in humans.
R. Sandyk, et al., "e;Magnetic Felds and Seasonality of Affective Illness: Implications for Therapy,"e; International Journal of Neurosci, 58(3-4),
June 1991, . 261-267.
This review article notes that transcranial magnetic stimulation has been shown to elicit antidepressant effects, electically stimulating deep regions of the brain.
C. Haag, et al., "e;Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. A Diagnostic Means from Neurology as Therapy in Psychiatry?"e; Nervenarzt, 68(3), March 1997, . 274-278.
In this theoretical paper, the author argues that deep, low-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation can produce therapeutic effects equivalent to those of electroconvulsive therapy but without the dangerous side effects.
T. Zyss, "e;Will Electroconvulsive Therapy Induce Seizures: Magnetic Brain Stimulation as Hypothesis of a New Psychiatric Therapy,"e; Psychiatr Pol, 26(6),
November-December 1992, . 531-541.
This study examined the effects of millimeter wave (MW) therapy as a supplemental treatment in patients suffering from various types of depression. MW therapy involved the use of a "e;Yav'-1"e; apparatus (5.6 mm wavelength, 53 GHz), and consisted of up to 60 minutes of exposure per day, 2 to 3 times per week, for a total of as many as 15 exposures. Results showed that combined MW/conventional treatment produced a complete recovery in over 50 percent of cases studied, a significant improvement in 41 percent, and some improvement in 8 percent. Recovery rates among controls (conventional treatment only) were 4, 48, and 41 percent, respectively.
G.V. Morozov, et al., "e;Treatment of Neurotic Depression with a Help of Extremely High Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation,"e; Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova, 96(6),
1996, . 28-31.
Results of this study led researchers to conclude that patients suffering from major depression experienced a significant reduction of depressive symptoms following treatment with transcranial magnetic stimulation coupled with standard medication relative to patients taking the medicine. This was true after just three TMS treatments.
Conca, et al., "e;Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Novel Antidepressive Strategy?"e; Neuropsychobiology, 34(4),
1996, . 204-207.
This study examined the effects of conventional treatments combined with millimeter wave (MW) therapy (54- to 70-GHz frequency, 8-15 daily exposures of 15-30 minutes each) on patients suffering from atopic dermatitis. Results indicated that the MW therapy was well-tolerated all patients, with the rash generally regressing after 7-8 exposures. Marked recovery was seen among 78 percent of patients receiving the combination treatments. Two-year follow-up showed a 23-percent relapse rate among combination patients, compared to 54 percent among ontrols.
V.P. Adaskevich, "e;Effectiveness of the Use of Millimeter-Range Electromagnetic Radiation in Complex Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis Patients,"e; Millimetrovie Volni v Biologii I Meditcine, (3), 1994, . 78-81
In this study, 320 diabetics received impulsed magnetic field treatment while 100 diabetics (controls) received conservative therapy alone. Results showed beneficial effects with respect to vascular complications in 74 percent of the patients receiving magnetotherapy combined with conservative methods, compared to a 28-percent effectiveness rate among controls.
I.B. Kirillovm, et al., "e;Magentotherapy in the Comprehensive Treatment of Vascular Complications of Diabetes Mellitus,"e; Klin Med, 74(5), 1996, . 39-41.
This study involving 72 diabetics with purulent wounds found that magnetic fields aided healing significantly.
R.A. Kuliev & R.F. Babaev, "e;A Magnetic Field in the Combined Treatment of Suppurative Wounds in Diabetes Mellitus,"e; Vestn Khir Im I I Grek, 148(1),
January 1992, . 33-36.
Diseases of the Larynx
Results of this study found that alternative magnetic field of sound frequency proved to be an effective treatment in patients suffering from acute inflammatory diseases of the larynx.
D.I. Tarasov, et al., "e;Effectiveness of Local Magnetic Field of the Acoustic Frequency in the Treatment of Patients with Acute Inflammatory Diseases of the Larynx,"e; Vestn Otorinolaringol, (6),
November-December 1995, . 11-15.
This study examined the effects of electromagnetic fields in the treatment of 5-year-old children suffering from Duchenne-Erb disease. Children were exposed to either UHF or DMW therapy for 8-12 minutes per day on alternating days over a period of approximately 10 days. Following the electromagnetic fields course, children received mud applications on the collar area and injured extremity. Results showed that treatment decreased contractures in shoulder and elbow joints, increased mobility and muscle strength, and improved general function of the arm.
A.D. Burigina, et al., "e;Electromagnetic Waves in Complex Therapy of Children with Birth Trauma: Effects of Ultra-High-Frequency Electric Fields on Central Hemodynamics and the Shoulder Plexus,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (4),
This study found that a combined treatment consisting of magnetic-infrared-laser therapy (10-15 min/day ever other day over a period of 10-14 exposures, then repeated in 2-3 months) and conventional drug therapy proved highly effective in women suffering from endometriosis.
M. Damirov, et al., "e;Magnetic-Infared-Laser Therapeutic Apparatus (MILTA) in Treatment of Patients with Endometriosis,"e; Vrach, 12, 1994, . 17-19.
Results of this study found that the administration of constant magnetic field in combination with other treatment modalities led to significant beneficial effects in patients suffering from acute endometritis following abortion.
V.M. Strugatskii, et al., "e;A Permanent Magnetic Field in the Combined Treatment of Acute Endometritis After an Artificial Abortion,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (6), November-December 1996, . 21-24.
This article reports on the cases of three patients with partial seizures who received treatment with external artificial magnetic fields of low intensity. Such treatment led to a significant attenuation of seizure frequency over a 10-14-month period.
P.A. Anninos, et al., "e;Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Partial Seizures,"e; International Journal of Neurosci, 60(3-4),
October 1991, . 141-171.
Experimental results indicated that the administration of modulated electromagnetic fields of 2-30 Hz suppressed epilepsy in rats.
G.D. Antimonii & R.A. Salamov, "e;Action of a Modulated Electromagnetic Field on Experimentally Induced Epileptiform Brain Activity in Rats,"e; Biull Eksp Biol Med, 89(2),
February 1980, .
This review article cites one study in particular in which results showed that pretreatment with 30 minutes of exposure to a 75-mT pole strength, DC-powered magnetic field significantly prevented experimentally induced seizures in mice.
M.J. McLean, et al., "e;Therapeutic Efficacy of a Static Magnetic Device in Three Animal Seizure Models: Summary of Experience,"e; Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna , Italy .
This double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effects of 2-hour exposure to weak magnetic fields (0.2-0.7 G, irregularly oscillating 0.026-0.067 Hz) produced 3 pairs of orthogonal Helmholtz coils on pain perception in healthy subjects. Results showed that magnetic treatment significantly reduced the perception of pain.
F. Sartucci, et al., "e;Human Exposure to Oscillating Magnetic Fields Produces Changes in Pain Perception and Pain-Related Somatosensory Evoked Potentials,"e; Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna, Italy.
This article reports on the case of a severe epileptic who experienced a significant lessening of behavior disturbances and seizure frequency following treatment with low-frequency, external artificial magnetic fields.
R. Sandyk & P.A. Anninos, "e;Magnetic Fields Alter the Circadian Periodicity of Seizures,"e; International Journal of Neurosci, 63(3-4), April 1992, . 265-274.
Low-frequency, external artificial magnetic field treatment was shown to significantly reduce seizures in four adult epileptic cases.
R. Sandyk & P.A. Anninos, "e;Attenuation of Epilepsy with Application of External Magnetic Fields: A Case Report,"e; International Journal of Neurosci, 66(1-2),
September 1992, . 75-85.
Results of this study indicated that treatment with decimeter-band electromagnetic fields improved motor function of the stomach and reduced dyspepsia and pain in children suffering from chronic gastroduodenitis. Treatment made use of the "e;Romashka"e; apparatus (a cylinder applicator, 100 mm in diameter, power of 6-8 W) applied to the gastroduodenal region, and consisted of 6-12 minute exposures every other day for a total of 8-12 exposures.
L.M. Petrukhina, et al., "e;Effect of a Decimeter Wave Electromagnetic Fields on the Motor Function of the Stomach in Children with Strong Gastroduodenitis,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (1),
1987, . 54-56.
This controlled study examined the effects of sinusoidally modulated currents (100 Hz) coupled with conventional therapy in children suffering from chronic gastroduodenitis. Children received 8-10 exposures lasting between 6 and 10 minutes. Results showed that the treatment reduced inflammation in 72 percent of patients relative to just a 45-percent rate among controls. About 77 percent of treatment patients experienced elimination of gastro-esophageal and duodeno-gastral refluxes, compared to 29 percent of controls.
O.V. Bukanovich, et al., "e;Sinusoidally-Modulated Currents in the Therapy of Chronic Gastroduodenitis in Children,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, 2, 1996, . 22-26.
Results of this study indicated that the optimal frequency of pulsed magnetic fields ranges between 10.0 and 25.0 Hz in the treatment of chronic inflammatory conditions of the locomotor apparatus, ischemia of the blood vessels of the lower extremities, dyspeptic syndrome, lactation mastitis, and other diseases. Treatment proved best when the therapeutic cycle was repeated after a 2-3 month period.
L. Navratil, et al., "e;Possible Therapeutic Applications of Pulsed Magnetic Fields,"e; Cas Lek Cesk, 132(19),
October 11, 1993, . 590-594.
This article reviews the use of magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia . Noting that this modality has been used for more than a decade, the author states that magnetotherapy has been shown to be effective in treating rheumatic diseases, sinusitis, enuresis, and ischemic disorders of the lower extremities. Positive findings have also been shown with respect to multiple sclerosis and degenerative diseases of the retina.
J. Jerabek, "e;Pulsed Magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia --A Review,"e; Rev Environ Health, 10(2), April-June 1994, . 127-134.
This review article notes that pulse-type electromagnetic fields (PEMF) are the most frequently used type of electromagnetic therapy. Another form is pulsed radio frequency; PRF therapy generally includes daily sessions of 30-minute exposure and is primarily used in cases of pain and edema, with results being apparent quickly when the therapy is effective. PEMF treatment is most successful when used in bone healing, with results occurring over a longer period of time.
A.A. Pilla, "e;State of the Art in Electromagnetic Therapeutics: Soft Tissue Applications,"e; Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 8-13 June 1997, Bologna , Italy .
This study examined the effects of electromagnetic fields administered over a period of 10 days on 354 patients suffering from various orthopedic conditions. Results showed the effects to be positive, with the greatest benefit experienced among patients with acute lesions.
G. Annaratone, et al., "e;Magnetotherapy in Clinical and Ambulatory Practice,"e; Minerva Med, 74(14-15), April 7, 1983, . 823-833.
Noting that beneficial effects of low-energy, time-varying magnetic fields have been shown since the early 1970s, this review article cites studies pointing to its success in the treatment of a wide range of conditions. The best results for this modality obtained in the area of bone healing.
C.A. Bassett, "e;Fundamental and Practical Aspects of Therapeutic Uses of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs), "e; Crit Rev Biomed Eng, 17(5), 1989, . 451-529.
This review article claims that over a quarter of a million patients worldwide with chronically ununited fractures have experienced beneficial results from treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields. In addition, the author cites studies pointing to the treatment's efficacy with respect to other conditions such as nerve regeneration; wound healing, graft behavior, diabetes, heart attack, and stroke.
C.A. Bassett, "e;Beneficial Effects of Electromagnetic Fields,"e; Journal of Cell Biochem, 51(4), April 1993, p. 387-393.
This review article notes that low-intensity millimeter waves have been used for treating a wide variety of medical conditions in the former Soviet Union since 1977, with more than a million patients treated and more than a thousand treatment centers in existence. This therapy has been approved for widespread use the Russian Ministry of Health, and over 300 scientific publications have described its effects. A typical course of treatment involves 10-15 daily exposures ranging from 15 to 60 minutes each.
A.G. Pakhomov, "e;Millimeter Wave Medicine in Russia : A Review of Literature,"e; Infrared Lasers and Millimeter Waves Workshop: The Links Between Microwaves and Laser Optics,
January 21-22, 1997, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas .
This study concluded that the use of millimeter wave (MW) therapy was effective in the treatment of both children and adults suffering from a variety of orthopedic diseases, including osteochondrosis, arthrosis, infantile cerebral paralysis, Perthes' disease, and inborn femur dislocation. MW therapy made use of the G4-142 apparatus (55-65 GHz). Exposure was for 15-30 minutes in children or 30-60 minutes in adults over a period of 10-12 total exposures.
S.D. Schvchenko, et al., "e;Experience with Treating Some Orthopedic Diseases with Millimeter Range Radiation of Nonthermal Intensity,"e; Millimeter Waves in Medicine and Biology. Digest of Papers of the 11th Russian Symposium with International Participation,
April 21-24, 1997, Zvenigorod, Moscow Region , Russia , p. 33-35. 139. A.M.
This research examined the effects of low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields on patients suffering from a wide range of disorders, including musculoskeletal disorders, neurological disorders, circulatory diseases, traumatic disorders, gastroenterological problems, and stress-related morbidity. Treatment made use of the Rhumart apparatus, which produced waveforms with peak amplitudes up to 30 G. Results, based on the patients' own subjective ratings, indicated the treatment to be beneficial across most conditions, with the strongest effects seen in those suffering from musculoskeletal and traumatic disorders.
Begue-Simon & R.A. Drolet, "e;Clinical Assessment of the Rhumart System based on the Use of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields with Low Frequency,"e; International Journal of Rehabil Research, 16(4),
1993, p. 323-327.
This review article summarizes findings presented at the Third Workshop on the use of low-intensity millimeter waves in medicine, held in Zvenigorod, Moscow Region, Russia . Such findings pointed to the efficacy of MW therapy with respect to alcoholism and its associated symptoms, gastric and duodenal ulcers, psoriasis, chronic furunculosis, and cardiovascular diseases.
Y.L. Arzumanov, "e;An Overview of the Third Workshop 'Use of Millimeter Waves in Medicine,'"e; Millimetrovie Volni v Biologii i Meditcine, (3), 1994, p. 104-107.
This study examined the effects of magnetotherapy on patients suffering from a variety of eye and brain vascular disorders. Treatment made use of the "e;Polius-1"e; apparatus (50 Hz), with most patients receiving a course of 15-20 daily exposures. Results showed overall general improvements in 95 percent of patients with eye diseases.
N. Gilinskaya & L.V. Zobina, "e;Magnetic Field Application for the Treatment of Vascular Diseases of the Brain and Eyes,"e; in Y.A. Kholodov & N.N. Lebedeva (eds.), Problems of Electromagnetic Neurobiology, Moscow, Nauka,
1988, p. 94-98.
This review article notes that low-frequency electromagnetic therapy has been used for a variety of purposes. Those specifically identified the author include cell growth promotion, pain reduction, improved blood circulation, bone repair, increased wound healing, sedative effects, enhanced sleep, and arthritic relief.
R.A. Drolet, "e;Rhumart Therapy: A Non-invasive Cell Regeneration Ion and Anti-Inflammatory Therapy Using LF-EM Fields,"e; Bioelectromagnetics Society, 4th Annual Meeting,
28 June-2 July 1982, Los Angeles , CA , p. 45.
This review article notes that treatment with an "e;Infita"e; apparatus, used to deliver low-frequency magnetic fields, has been shown to improve general hemodynamics and microcirculation in addition to exhibiting anti-inflammatory, sedative, and analgesic effects in Olympic-level Russian athletes.
A. Zaslavskii, et al., "e;A Low-frequency Impulse Apparatus for Physical Therapy 'Infita',"e; Med Tehk, 5,
1994, p. 39-41.
This review article cites studies pointing to the efficacy of low-frequency magnetic fields in the treatment of a wide variety of conditions, including burns, arthritis, fractures, arterial aneurysms, PMS, phantom pain, tuberculosis, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, bronchial asthma, and ulcerated varicose veins, among others.
V.M. Bogoliubov & L.A. Skurikhina, "e;Therapeutic Application of Constant and Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (2),
1979, p. 65-72.
This study examined the effects of extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields (TAMMAT device) in the treatment of a group of 650 patients suffering from a host of various diseases. Treatment consisted 15-25 minute daily exposures 5 days per week over a total of 20-25 days. Most patients experienced improvements after 2-3 exposures. Marked improvements were seen with respect to analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and immune-enhancing effects.
V.I. Kovalchuk, et al., "e;Use of Extremely-Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields in Clinical Practice,"e; Fizicheskaia Meditzina, 4(1-2),
1994, p. 87
This article reports on the efficacy of a Russian electromagnetic stimulation apparatus termed "e;Cascade."e; The authors state that data from 508 patients suffering from various ailments who were treated with the device indicate it to be anywhere from 75 to 100 percent effective. Examples of conditions in which the device was used include stubborn fractures, post-traumatic contractures, crush syndrome, and Perthes' disease.
S.A. Schastnyi, et al., "e;A Contact-Free, Biologically Adequate Electromagnetic Stimulation of Repair Regeneration of Osseous, Cartilaginous, and Muscular Tissues in Children,"e; Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk, (3), 1994, p. 38-42.
This review article on the use of pulsed magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia points to its efficacy across a variety of conditions, including joint problems, enuresis, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and carpal tunnel syndrome.
J. Jerabek, "e;Pulsed Magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia: A Review,"e; First World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine,
14-19 June 1992, Lake Buena Vista, FL, p. 81.
In this study, patients with primary open-angle glaucoma with compensated intraocular pressure were administered magnetotherapy using an ATOS device with 33-mT magnetic field induction. The procedure was administered to a patient in a sitting posture with a magnetic inductor held before the eye. Sessions lasted 10 minutes and each course included 10 sessions. Following 4-5 months of therapy, results showed improved vision acuity 0.16 diopters, on an average of 29 out of 30 eyes with vision acuity below 1.0.
Bisvas, et al., "e;Possibilities of Magnetotherapy in Stabilization of Visual Function in Patients with Glaucoma,"e; Vestn Oftalmol, 112(1),
Jauary-March 1996, p. 6-8.
This double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on hair loss in men suffering from male pattern baldness. PEMF exposures were administered to the head for 12 minutes and were given weekly or twice weekly over a period of 36 weeks. Results found the PEMF treatment both prevented hair loss and promoted regrowth without side effects.
W.S. Maddin, et al., "e;The Biological Effects of a Pulsed Electrostatic with Specific Reference to Hair: Electrotrichogenesis,"e; International Journal of Dermatology, 29(6), 1990, p. 446-450.
Results of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study demonstrated that the administration of a pulsed magnetic field for less than one hour to headache patients produced significant beneficial effects, as shown subjective patient reports, as well as EEG activity.
O. Grunner, et al., "e;Cerebral Use of a Pulsating Magnetic Field in Neuropsychiatry Patients with Long-term Headache,"e; EEG EMG Z Elektroenzephalogr Verwandte Geb, 16(4),
December 1985, p. 227-230
This article reports on the case of an acute migraine patient who was successfully treated with external magnetic fields.
R. Sandyk, "e;The Influence of the Pineal Gland on Migraine and Cluster Headaches and Effects of Treatment with picoTesla Magnetic Fields,"e; International Journal of Neurosci, 67(1-4),
November-December 1992, p. 145-171.
This article examined the effects of millimeter wave therapy in the treatment of 107 patients suffering from headaches of varying causes. Treatment consisted of the Nao-Hu, Bai-Huei, and Hua-Chai acupuncture points being exposed to 5.6- and 4.9-mm wavelengths via the use of "e;Yav'-1-5.6"e; or "e;Electronka-KVCh"e; devices, respectively. Exposure lasted up to 60 minutes per day over a course of 10 days. All patients experienced positive results following 3-5 exposures. After one year, 48 percent of patients remained free of headaches, with a significant decrease in another 41 percent.
B.M. Popov & T.A. Al'shanskaya, "e;Use of Traditional and Non-traditional Methods in the Treatment of Headache,"e; Millimeter Waves in Medicine and Biology. Digest of Papers of the 11th Russian Symposium with International Participation,
April 21-24, 1997, Zvenigorod, Moscow Region , Russia , p. 68-71.
This study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (20 minutes per day for 15 days) in the treatment of patients suffering from chronic headaches. Results indicated the treatment to be most effective in patients suffering from tension headaches, with 88 percent of such patients reporting positive results. Beneficial results were also experienced patients suffering from migraines (60 percent), cervical migraines (68 percent), and psychogenic headaches (60 percent).
A. Prusinski, et al., "e;Pulsating Electromagnetic Field in the Therapy of Headache,"e; Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium,
May 16-17, 1987, Szekesfehervar , Hungary , p. 163-166.
In this study, 90 headache patients were treated with pulsating electromagnetic fields via large coils to the body for 20 minutes per day for a total of 15 days. Results found the treatment to be either excellent or good for those patients suffering from migraine, tension, and/or cervical headaches. Patients experiencing post-traumatic or cluster headaches did not experience such benefits.
A. Prusinksi, et al., "e;Pulsating Electromagnetic Field in the Therapy of Headache,"e; Journal of Bioelectr., 7(1),
1988, p. 127-128.
Results of this study indicated that pulsating electromagnetic fields (12 Hz and 5 mT) were an effective prophylactic treatment for patients suffering from cervical and migraine headaches.
J. Giczi & A. Guseo, "e;Treatment of Headache Pulsating Electromagnetic Field a Preliminary Report,"e; Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium,
May 16-17, 1987, Szekesfehervar, Hungary, p. 74-76.
This placebo-controlled, double-blind study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (2-5 Hz and flux densities of 3-4 mT) on patients suffering from migraine headaches. PEMFs were administered to the head for 10-15 minutes per day over a period of 30 days. Results showed a mean improvement level of 66 percent in patients receiving the treatment, compared to just 23 percent among controls.
L. Lazar & A. Farago, "e;Experiences of Patients Suffering from Migraine-Type Headache Treated with Magnetotherapy,"e; Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium,
May 16-17, 1987, Szekesfehervar , Hungary , p. 137-140.
In this study, hemophiliacs suffering from joint hemorrhage received millimeter wave (MW) therapy at biologically active points beginning on the first day of hospital release. Adults were treated with an "e;Electronica-KVCh"e; device (61 GHz, 5 mW maximum power) and children were treated with a "e;Porog"e; device, which generates low-intensity wide-band MMW noise. Exposures in both groups lasted for 20-25 minutes per day and were extended over a period of 10 days. Results indicated the treatment to be more effective than conventional therapy with respect to alleviation of pain, need for medication, and other parameters.
V.V. Aleschenko & I.O. Pisanko, "e;EHF-Therapy for Hemophylic Arthropathy and Hemarthroses of the Knee Joint,"e;Millimeter Waves in Medicine and Biology. Digest of Papers of the 10th Russian Symposium with International Participation,
April 24-26, Moscow , Russia , 1995, p. 61-63.
This double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effects of millimeter wave therapy combined with conventional methods in the treatment of viral hepatitis in children. Making use of a "e;Yav'-1-5,6"e; or "e;Yav'-1-7,7"e; device, MW therapy involved 14-15 exposures of, on average, 30 minutes per day at wavelengths of either 5.6 or 7.1 mm. Results indicated the combined treatment to be more effective than conventional treatment only, leading to a more rapid restoration of liver function.
A.A. Shul'diakov, et al., "e;Electromagnetic Radiation of Millimeter Range in Treatment of Children with Acute Viral Hepatitis,"e; Millimeter Waves in Medicine and Biology, 10th Russian Symposium with International Participation,
April 24-26, 1995, Moscow, Russia, p. 21-23.
Results of this study showed that the use of magnetic fields was effective in treating patients suffering from viral hepatitis who had previously not benefited from conventional drug therapies.
I.A. Il'inskii, et al., "e;Experience with the Use of Glucocorticosteroids and Magnetic Fields in the Intensive Therapy of Severe Forms of Viral Hepatitis,"e; Soviet Medicine, 9,
1978, p. 72-74.
This study examined the effects of magnetotherapy in children suffering from various forms of viral hepatitis. Magnetotherapy consisted of alternating magnetic fields applied to the liver area daily over a total of 10-15 days. Results indicated magnetotherapy led to more rapid and trouble-free recovery.
V.V. Krasnov & A.I. Shilenok, "e;Magnetotherapy of Hepatitis A and B in Children,"e; Pediatriia, 10,
1991, p. 54-57.
This double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effects of magnetotherapy in patients following herniated disk surgery. Results showed that 52 percent of patients receiving the treatment compared to 30 percent of controls reported being free of symptoms at the time of hospital release.
K. Perjes, et al., "e;Effect of Magnetotherapy on Recovery After Herniated Disk Surgery,"e; Hungarian Symposium on Magnetotherapy, 2nd Symposium,
May 16-17, 1987, Szekesfehervar , Hungary , p. 159-162.
This double-blind study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on loosened hip prostheses. Results showed an increase of bone density in all patients receiving PEMF treatment compared to only 60 percent of controls. The authors argue such findings suggest PEMF elicits early bone reconstruction, which enhances early weight bearing.
G. Gualtieri, et al., "e;The Effect Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation on Patients Treated of Hip Revesions with Trans-Femoral Approach,"e; Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine,
8-13 June 1997, Bologna , Italy .
This study examined the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (50 Hz, 50 G) in treating aseptic loosening of total hip prostheses. PEMF therapy consisted of 20 minutes per day for 6 days per week over a total of 20 such sessions and was begun, on average, a year and a half following the start of loosening. Results showed PEMF to have some beneficial effects with respect to loosened hip arthroplasties, although it was not effective in patients suffering severe pain due to extreme loosening.
K. Konrad, "e;Therapy with Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields in Aseptic Loosening of Total Hip Protheses: A Prospective Study,"e; Clinical Rheumatology, 15(4), 1996, p. 325-328.
Results of this 11-year study involving 3014 patients found pulsed magnetic field treatment at low frequencies and intensities to be a highly effective, side-effect-free therapy for joint disease.
E. Riva Sanseverino, et al., "e;Therapeutic Effects of Pulsed Magnetic Fields on Joint Diseases,"e; Panminerva Med, 34(4),
October-December 1992, p.187-196.
This review article notes that placebo-controlled studies have shown positive results concerning the use of pulsed magnetic field therapy in the treatment of secondary chronic pyelonephritis.
V.A. Kiyatkin, "e;Pulsed Magnetic Field in Therapy of Patients with Secondary Chronic Pyelonephritis,"e; Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine,
8-13 June 1997, Bologna , Italy .
This study examined the effects of low-frequency magnetic fields coupled with conventional therapies in rats suffering from inflammatory lung disease. Results showed that rats receiving the magnetic fields experienced significant reductions in lung abscesses and associated symptoms, and similar beneficial effects were seen among a group of 165 human patients receiving comparable treatment.
L.V. Iashchenko, "e;Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields in the Combined Therapy of Inflammatory Lung Diseases,"e; Probl Tuberk, 3, 1988, p. 53-56.
This review article examined the data concerning impulsed magnetic fields in the treatment of lupus erythematosus. Studies indicate that the treatment can be beneficial due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, its positive action on microcirculation, and immunological reactivity.
I.V. Khamaganova, et al., "e;The Use of a Pulsed Magnetic Field in the Treatment of Lupus Erythematosus,"e; Ter Arkh, 67(10),
1995, p. 84-87.
This double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effects of UHF and microwave therapy in treating patients suffering from systemic lupus. Twenty-six patients were given 30-35 W of microwave irradiation administered to the adrenal region. Twenty-five patients were given 30-35 W UHF administered bilaterally to the temporal region. The treatment regimen for both groups included 18-20 daily sessions. A group of 11 patients were used as controls. Results showed both treatments to be effective, with 27 percent of microwave patients and 66 percent of UHF patients reporting total elimination of polyarthralgia, myalgia, and painful contractures.
V.D. Sidorov & S.B. Pershin, "e;Immunomodulating Effect of Microwaves and Ultrahigh Frequency Electric Field in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythmatosus,"e; Bioelectrochem Bioenerg, 30, 1993, p. 327-330.
Results of this study indicated that the bitemporal application of ultrahigh-frequency electromagnetic fields to the hypothalamo-hypophyseal area daily over a period of 18-20 days had beneficial effects in patients suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus.
V.D. Sidorov, et al., "e;The Immunomodulating Effect of Microwaves and of an Ultrahigh-Frequency Electrical Field in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus,"e; Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult, (4), 1991, p. 36-40.